Part A: Mapping poverty
The World Bank, which is funded by many countries including Australia, provides loans and grants to developing countries. In this activity you will explore data from the World Bank and think about global development and poverty.
The World Bank collects data on poverty and development across the globe. Look at the following World Bank map which indicates the percent of populations in different countries living on less than US$1.25 a day
What is PPP? Purchasing Power Parity is a conversion system which allows a comparison to be made between the cost of purchasing products in different places. For example, if you priced a cup of rice in numerous countries using the same currency, the comparison would show you the relative purchasing power in each country. Purchasing Power Parity conversion equalises these rates so purchasing power comparisons can be made between different countries.
Reflect on the map above and consider what factors contribute to global inequality.
Another important measure of inequality is wellbeing, and particularly health. One indicator of health is life expectancy. Look at the World Bank map below. It shows life expectancy, varying from 27 years in the lightest areas to 83 years in the darkest areas.
Where in the world is life expectancy high and low? What factors might contribute to low life expectancy?
Population maps and statistics are useful ways of presenting information, but it is important to consider what this information actually means for individuals. Reflect on this by answering the questions below.
- As a person living in Australia, consider and record the six top tasks or priorities that you have for each new day.
- Now imagine a person living in an country with high rates of extreme poverty. Record the six top tasks or priorities that they may have for each day.